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2021-10-17 09:31

Pinyin is the phonetic system of Chinese language. It is the most widely-used system of writing Mandarin Chinese that uses the Latin alphabet. Most importantly, it's a great tool to help you learn the accurate pronunciation of Mandarin words and input Chinese characters on your computer or smartphone.

拼音是什么?  / What is Pinyin?

拼音作为汉语的语音系统,使用拉丁字母来书写普通话。重要的是,它是一个很好的工具,可以帮助你学习普通话单词的准确发音,并在你的电脑或智能手机上打出你想表达的汉字。


Like English phonetic symbols, Pinyin also uses the modern alphabet to build its system. However, you need to learn how to read Pinyin, as Mandarin contains some sounds that do NOT exist in English phonetic symbols. Attend the courses offered by Haicheng Education, listen to the voices in Real Chinese and our tones to hear how native speakers pronounce the sounds.

拼音和英语音标一样,也是用现代字母表来构建自己的体系。然而,你需要学习如何读拼音,因为普通话包含一些在英语音标中不存在的音。参加海成教育开设的课程,听地道汉语的声音和语调,来听听母语人士是如何发音的。


Don't worry if you don't get it right first time. Learning Pinyin needs a fair bit of practice. As we all know, practice makes perfect.

如果你第一次没有做对,也不要担心。学习拼音需要大量的练习。我们都知道,熟能生巧。


拼音由什么组成?  / What is the components of Pinyin?

Let's take a word “妈” for example, this word is pronounced "mā" in Pinyin, which means mother in English. Here, the first letter “m”, which is pronounced “mo” in pinyin, is called Initial; And behind it is an “a” , which is pronounced “a” in Pinyin, and we call it Final; What about the accent on the top of “a”? This accent is called Tone in Pinyin.

让我们来“妈”这个词为例,这个单词是拼音发音“mā”。在这里,第一个字母“m”,拼音读“mo”,中文称之为声母; 后面是“a”,在拼音中发音为“啊”,这个就是韵母; 那" a "上面的音标呢?这种音标在拼音中叫做声调。


So basically Pinyin is made of three parts, which are ①initial, ②final and ③tone. The initials and finals may not be difficult for you as we've got the similar letters in English. We only need to know how to pronounce each letter in Chinese pronunciation/Pinyin system. However, Pinyin tones may be a little bit new to you.

所以基本上拼音是由三部分组成的,即①声母,②韵母和③声调。在英语中也有类似的字母,所以声母和韵母这两部分对你们来说可能不难。我们只需要知道如何在汉语发音/拼音系统中每个字母的发音。然而对中文学习者来说,声调可能需要多加练习。


It is important to remember that although pinyin uses the same letters as European languages, the sounds those letters represent are the sounds of Mandarin Chinese. Thus some letters may not make the sounds you expect. It is important that you pay close attention to how each letter of pinyin is pronounced, as you cannot read pinyin as if it were English.

重要的是要记住,虽然中文拼音使用相同的英文字母,但这些字母的发音以中文普通话为准。因此,有些字母可能不会发出你所期望的声音。重要的是,你要密切关注拼音的每个字母在中文里面是如何发音的。


Want to learn more about Chinese? Scan the QR code above and join the summer Mandarin classes at Haicheng Education!

想要掌握更多中文知识吗?赶紧加入海成教育的暑期中文课吧


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