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2024-04-21 11:08

Pinyin is the phonetic system of Chinese language. It is the most widely-used system of writing Mandarin Chinese that uses the Latin alphabet. Most importantly, it's a great tool to help you learn the accurate pronunciation of Mandarin words and input Chinese characters on your computer or smartphone.

拼音是什么?  / What is Pinyin?


Like English phonetic symbols, Pinyin also uses the modern alphabet to build its system. However, you need to learn how to read Pinyin, as Mandarin contains some sounds that do NOT exist in English phonetic symbols. Attend the courses offered by Haicheng Education, listen to the voices in Real Chinese and our tones to hear how native speakers pronounce the sounds.


Don't worry if you don't get it right first time. Learning Pinyin needs a fair bit of practice. As we all know, practice makes perfect.


拼音由什么组成?  / What is the components of Pinyin?

Let's take a word “妈” for example, this word is pronounced "mā" in Pinyin, which means mother in English. Here, the first letter “m”, which is pronounced “mo” in pinyin, is called Initial; And behind it is an “a” , which is pronounced “a” in Pinyin, and we call it Final; What about the accent on the top of “a”? This accent is called Tone in Pinyin.

让我们来“妈”这个词为例,这个单词是拼音发音“mā”。在这里,第一个字母“m”,拼音读“mo”,中文称之为声母; 后面是“a”,在拼音中发音为“啊”,这个就是韵母; 那" a "上面的音标呢?这种音标在拼音中叫做声调。

So basically Pinyin is made of three parts, which are ①initial, ②final and ③tone. The initials and finals may not be difficult for you as we've got the similar letters in English. We only need to know how to pronounce each letter in Chinese pronunciation/Pinyin system. However, Pinyin tones may be a little bit new to you.


It is important to remember that although pinyin uses the same letters as European languages, the sounds those letters represent are the sounds of Mandarin Chinese. Thus some letters may not make the sounds you expect. It is important that you pay close attention to how each letter of pinyin is pronounced, as you cannot read pinyin as if it were English.


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