What you need to know about the COVID-19 vaccine

2021-07-28 09:42

1. Which people are not suitable for vaccinating COVID-19 vaccine?

1. Which people are not suitable for vaccinating COVID-19 vaccine?


Contraindicated population: allergic to any component contained in the inoculated vaccine; Or previously vaccinated with the same variety of vaccine allergy.


People not suitable for vaccination for the time being: fever, various acute diseases, serious chronic diseases or acute onset of chronic diseases are temporarily postponed vaccination, need to wait for the acute disease to recover and then go to vaccination. Since patients with chronic diseases are at high risk of COVID-19 severe illness and death, they need to be protected by COVID-19 vaccine. It is recommended to wait until the chronic disease is in the non-onset stage before vaccination.


Vaccination is not recommended for pregnant women.


Simultaneous vaccination with other vaccines is not recommended for the time being.


一、哪些人群不适合接种新冠灭活疫苗?

禁忌接种人群:对接种的疫苗所含任何成分过敏者;或以前接种同品种疫苗出现过敏者。


暂时不适宜接种人群:发热、各种急性疾病、严重慢性疾病或慢性疾病急性发作期暂缓接种,需要等急性疾病痊愈再去接种。鉴于慢性病患者是新冠肺炎重症和死亡的高危人群,需要接种新冠疫苗进行保护,建议等慢性疾病恢复处于非发作期再去接种。


孕妇不建议进行接种。


暂时不建议新冠疫苗与其他疫苗同时接种。


2. What are the adverse reactions after vaccination with COVID-19 vaccine?


According to the results of preliminary clinical trials and some information on the emergency use of vaccination, the common reaction after vaccination with the new coronavirus is not very different from that of other inactivated vaccines.


The most common adverse reactions after vaccination are fever, redness, swelling and pain at the inoculation site, which usually resolve spontaneously within two to three days and generally do not require special treatment.


Seek medical attention if the symptoms are more severe or if it is impossible to assess the severity of the symptoms.


二、接种新冠疫苗之后有哪些不良反应?


目前根据前期临床实验的结果和紧急使用接种的一些信息,在接种新冠疫苗后出现的常见的反应,和其他灭活疫苗相比没有太大的差别。


接种新冠灭活疫苗后最常见的不良反应是发热、接种部位红、肿、疼痛等,通常在两到三天之内自行缓解,一般不需要特殊处理。


如果症状较重或无法自行评判严重程度,应及时就医。


3. What should I pay attention to after COVID-19 vaccination?


Stay at the inoculation site for 30 minutes after inoculation. If any symptoms such as pale complexion, sweating, cold damp limbs, skin rash, rapid and weak pulse, cyanosis, swelling of face and throat, or dyspnea occur, please inform the inoculation site doctor immediately.


After inoculation, you should take more rest, drink more water, keep the injection site clean and hygienic, do not clean, do not squeeze and massage the inoculation site to prevent local infection.


After vaccination, check the vaccination appointment to know the time of the next vaccination.


In case of fever, local redness, pain and other reactions after inoculation, in addition to symptomatic treatment, the doctor of the inoculation unit should be informed in time to make relevant records; Very few people may have a high fever or fever lasting for several days or other more serious conditions. They should seek medical attention in time to avoid delay in their illness.


Vaccination is one of the main measures to prevent COVID-19. After vaccination, the prevention and control measures such as wearing masks, washing hands frequently and taking body temperature should still be taken.


三、新冠疫苗接种后有哪些注意事项?


1.接种后应在接种点留观30分钟,留观期间,受种者如出现面色苍白、出汗、四肢湿冷、皮疹、脉速而弱、发绀、面部和喉咙肿胀、呼吸困难等症状,请马上告诉接种点医生。


2.接种后应多休息,多饮水,注射部位保持干净卫生,不清洗、不挤压按摩接种部位,以防局部感染。


3.接种后应查看接种预约,掌握下次疫苗接种时间。


4.接种后如有发热、局部红肿疼痛等反应,除对症处理外还应及时告知接种单位医生做好相关记录;极个别人可能会出现高热或持续发热数日或出现其他更严重的情况,应及时去医院就诊,以防延误病情。


5.接种疫苗是预防新冠肺炎的主要措施之一。接种后仍应坚持戴口罩、勤洗手、测体温等防控措施。


4. How long is the protection period of COVID-19 vaccine?


According to the clinical trial data of the vaccine, the protection period can reach more than half a year. As for whether the protection period can be lifelong immunity like many viral vaccines, or at least five years of protection, because the new coronavirus vaccine has not been used for a long time, it is impossible to judge at present.


四、新冠疫苗的保护期有多长?


从疫苗临床试验数据上看,保护期可以达到半年以上,至于说保护期能不能像很多病毒性疫苗一样,能够终身免疫,或者至少保护五年十年,因为新冠疫苗使用时间不长,目前无法判断。


5. Do I still need to wear a mask after COVID-19 vaccination?


Yes. At this stage, it is very important to continue to take other prevention and control measures before the population immunity barrier has been established. Even if part of the population has been vaccinated, people's awareness and prevention and control measures should not be relaxed.


On the one hand, the vaccination success rate is not 100 percent, and fewer vaccinated people are likely to get sick during the epidemic. On the other hand, novel coronavirus spreads easily in people before the establishment of immune barrier or herd immunity.


So you still have to wear masks and take other measures after you get vaccinated. During the normal winter epidemic prevention and control period, especially in crowded places such as public transport, other protective measures, such as hand hygiene, ventilation and social distance, also need to be maintained.


五、接种新冠疫苗后还需要戴口罩吗?


要戴。现阶段,在人群免疫屏障没有建立起来之前,继续采取其他防控措施是非常重要的。即使部分人群接种了疫苗,大家的防控意识和防控措施也不能放松。


一方面疫苗免疫成功率不是百分之百的,在流行期间还会有较少的接种过疫苗的人可能会发病。另一方面,人群免疫屏障或者群体免疫没有建立起来之前,新冠病毒在人群中容易传播。


所以接种疫苗后还是要按要求戴口罩,并采取其它措施。冬季疫情常态化防控期间,特别是在公共交通工具等人员密集的场所,其他防护措施如注意手卫生、通风、保持社交距离等,也同样需要继续保持。


For any further information related to vaccination for foreign nations, feel free to contact us! 

Our E-mail address is: 

anna@haichengjiaoyu.com


如需进一步了解疫苗相关最新进展,请随时与我们联系! 

联系邮箱:anna@haichengjiaoyu.com



HaiCheng

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